Monday, May 25, 2020

What Is the Rosetta Stone †Key to Ancient Egypt

The Rosetta Stone is an enormous (114 x 72 x 28 centimeters [44 x 28 x 11 inches]) and broken hunk of dark granodiorite  (not, as once believed, basalt), that nearly single-handedly opened up Ancient Egyptian culture to the modern world. It is estimated to weigh over 750 kilograms (1,600 pounds) and is thought to have been quarried by its Egyptian makers from somewhere in the Aswan region in the early second century BCE. Finding the Rosetta Stone The block was found near the town of Rosetta (now el-Rashid), Egypt, in 1799, ironically enough, by the French emperor Napoleons failed military expedition  to conquer the country. Napoleon was famously interested in antiquities (while occupying Italy  he sent an excavation team to Pompeii), but in this case, it was an accidental find. His  soldiers were robbing stones to  bolster nearby Fort Saint Julien for the planned attempt to conquer Egypt, when they found the curiously carved  black block. When the Egyptian capital  Alexandria fell to the British in 1801, the Rosetta Stone also fell into British hands, and it was transferred to London, where it has been exhibited at the British Museum nearly continuously ever since. Content The face of the Rosetta stone  is almost completely covered with texts that were carved into the stone in 196 BCE, during Ptolemy V Epiphaness ninth year as Pharaoh. The text describes the kings successful  siege of Lycopolis, but also it discusses the state of Egypt and what its citizens can do to improve things. What probably should not come as a surprise, since it is the work of the Greek pharaohs of Egypt, the language of the stone sometimes blends Greek and Egyptian mythologies: for example, the Greek version of the Egyptian god Amun is translated as Zeus. A statue of the King of the South and North, Ptolemy, ever-living, beloved of Ptah, the God who maketh himself manifest, the Lord of Beauties, shall be set up [in every temple, in the most prominent place], and it shall be called by his name Ptolemy, the Saviour of Egypt. (Rosetta Stone text, WAE Budge translation 1905) The text itself is not very long, but like the Mesopotamian Behistun inscription before it, the Rosetta stone is inscribed with the identical text in three different languages: ancient Egyptian  in both its hieroglyphic (14 lines) and demotic (script) (32 lines) forms, and ancient Greek (54 lines). The identification and translation of the hieroglyphic  and demotic texts are traditionally credited to the French linguist Jean Franà §ois Champollion  [1790-1832] in 1822, although its up for debate how much assistance he had from other parties.   Translating the Stone: How Was the CodeCracked? If the stone were simply the political bragging of Ptolemy V, it would be one of uncountable such monuments erected by innumerable monarchs in many societies all over the world. But, since Ptolemy had it carved in so many different languages, it was possible for Champollion, aided by the work of English polymath Thomas Young [1773–1829], to translate it, making these hieroglyphic texts accessible to modern people. According to several sources, both men took on the challenge of deciphering the stone  in 1814, working independently but  eventually exercising a keen personal rivalry. Young published first, identifying a striking similarity between the hieroglyphics and demotic script, and publishing a translation for 218 demotic and 200 hieroglyphic words in  1819. In 1822, Champollion published Lettre a M. Dacier, in which he announced his success in decoding some of the hieroglyphs; he spent the last decade of his life refining his analysis, for the first time fully recognizing the complexity of the language.   There is no doubt that Young published his vocabulary of demotic and hieroglyphic words two years before Champollions first successes, but how much that work influenced Champollion is unknown. Robinson credits Young for an early detailed study that made possible Champollions  breakthrough, which went above and beyond what Young had published. E.A. Wallis Budge, the doyen of Egyptology in the 19th century, believed that Young and Champollion were working on the same problem in isolation, but that Champollion did see a copy of Youngs 1819 paper before publishing in 1922. The Significance of the Rosetta Stone It seems pretty astounding today, but until the translation of the Rosetta Stone, no one had been able to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphic texts. Because hieroglyphic Egyptian had remained virtually unchanged for so long, Champollion and Youngs translation formed the bedrock for generations of scholars to build on and eventually translate the thousands of extant scripts and carvings dating to  the entire 3,000-year-old Egyptian dynastic tradition. The slab still resides in the British Museum in London, much to the chagrin of the Egyptian government which would dearly love its return. Sources Budge EAW. 1893. The Rosetta Stone. The Mummy, Chapters on Egyptian Funeral Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Chauveau M. 2000. Egypt in the Age of Cleopatra: History and Society Under the Ptolemies. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.Downs J. 2006. Romancing the stone. History Today 56(5):48-54.Middleton A, and Klemm D. 2003. The Geology of the Rosetta Stone. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 89:207-216.ORourke FS, and ORourke SC. 2006. Champollion, Jean-Franà §ois (1790–1832). In: Brown K, editor. Encyclopedia of Language Linguistics (Second Edition). Oxford: Elsevier. p 291-293.Robinson A. 2007. Thomas Young and the Rosetta Stone. Endeavour 31(2):59-64.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Along the Frontage Road Free Essay Example, 1000 words

It became to him the baby sister whose funeral awaited them back at their house. The narrator was trying to escape from this loss however, his son Nicky tried to fill his own void by remembering his small sister Kate through that small shriveled up pumpkin, which he had found from the patch. Nicky had obviously associated the small pumpkin, which he had picked up from the patch as his own small sister who had passed away. He felt insanely protective about that pumpkin and therefore he felt that they should not cut the pumpkin for Halloween. The pain of his sudden loss was still freshly engraved in his mind therefore; he did not want to harm the pumpkin. He associated this small harmless pumpkin with his own sister. He wanted to recover the loss that he had experienced earlier in his life. This was the reason that he felt strangely protective about this pumpkin. This was the exact reason why Nicky did not want to cut open the pumpkin and he was also very upset at the thought of cutting it open. We will write a custom essay sample on Along the Frontage Road or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Andre’s function in the story is to make the narrator realize the feelings and grieving of his own son. Often it so happens that parents do not realize the feelings of their own children. This is because of the closeness to them. The closeness blurs the vision of the parents and the fail to realize the perspective of their own children. However when they see the same treatment being carried out by someone else to their children they realize their mistake. This is because the distance gives them the perspective to think about the situation rationally. Andre serves the same function in this story. It is when Andrà ©Ã¢â‚¬â„¢s father starts misbehaving and mistreating with him only then does the narrator realize that he too was being unnecessary harsh on Nicky for forcing him to cut open that small pumpkin. The narrator had forgotten that although Nicky was small child he too had feelings. He too understood the matters relating to life and death. In the end Chabon seems to be telling that often parents do not understand their own children. They are so much engrossed in their own thoughts that they fail to grasp and think about what their children might be thinking. This was the case, which had happened with narrator and his son Nicky. He was so engrossed with his own grief that he failed to realize that that much had this incident traumatized his small son. To face the death of his sister at such a tender age is very painful. Therefore when the narrator finally allowed his son to name the pumpkin Kate, Nicky replied that he wanted Kate to have the pumpkin because she could not even live.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Mr. Carter The President Of The United States - 1623 Words

James Earl Carter Jr., the 39th President of the United States held office from 1977-1981 and lost his reelection bid due to what was perceived by many as incompetency in his decision making and self induced alienation from potential followers. Carter however, exemplifies the personification of true humanity toward his fellow man in his efforts to eradicate the Guinea Worm and bring women’s rights as the new face for the civil rights movement. Three decades past his presidency, Mr. Carter shows the true mark of a great leader forging a great legacy. Mr. Carter was born on October 1, 1924 to religious parents James Earl Carter Sr. and Bessie Lillian Gordy that introduced him to Christian values that highlight Mr. Carter’s persona present†¦show more content†¦In 1946, Carter married Rosalynn Smith and they soon had three boys (a girl in 1967) that grew up on various naval bases as their father served as an electronics officer. In 1953, the death of Carter Sr. prompted Carter to move his family back to Archery to take over and rebuild the family business. As a father, political leader, or humanitarian, through turbulence and prosperity, Carter demonstrates vision, courage, integrity, humility, honesty, intelligence, foresight, and caring; all qualities of great leaders. Leadership Skills Carter may not be the most popular ex-president, yet before, during, and after his political career, he’s shown certain ability for creating a vision and finding ways to see that vision come to pass. An example would be Carter’s commitment to eradicating the Guinea Worm. A New York Times article cites experts are fighting the worm with water filtration, pesticides and education. (McNeil, 2014, para. 1) Sensing victory, the Center is â€Å"Leading a coalition that has reduced incidence of Guinea worm disease from an estimated 3.5 million cases in 1986 to 126 today, making it likely to be the first human disease since smallpox to be eradicated.† (The Carter Center website, n.d., p. 1) Leaders are responsible for creating inspiring, obtainable vision. The Center shuns belabored issues; instead choosing to take on complex problems and situations. Its motto, Waging Peace, Fighting Disease, and Building Hope

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Strategic Management for Retail Store - myassignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about theStrategic Management for Gymnasium and Retail Store. Answer: Every aspect of the daily life is one of the vital concerns that affect the individuals. Be it the place of residence, the place of worship, the pathway to office, the gymnasium, the regular coffee shop, the school or even the retail store. Every place has its own importance that lays an impact on the daily chores of an individual or even the job. This memo deals and discusses about the positive and the negative impact of the one such aspect that has been considered and cited with accordance to the topic. The memo lays emphasis on the significance of the defined aspect and how it lays its influence in the daily life as well as a couple of recommendations to identify it significance in terms of job applicants as well the reason for which it can be considered or compensated by employers. In order to help understand and relate better with the topic a retail store has been selected and help explain its significance including its positive and negative outlook for an individual. The purpose of this memo is to explain about one of the important aspects of the daily life as well help understand and analyze its role, which includes its negative and positive influences on the demographics revolving around it. With this memo, it has also been explained, if this daily aspect of life should be or even minimally be considered in terms of job applicants as well as considered by the employers. With reference to the topic a well-known retail outlet, Toronto Eaton centre has been considered as one of the significant aspects of the daily life. This airy and spacious mall is one of the home to around 250 stores and considerably one of the third largest malls in Canada and one of the biggest tourist attractions (Dawson Lord, 2012). High profile stores and brands have found its way into the mall, such as Michael Kors, Victorias Secret and Nordstrom, which have opened it exclusive outlets in the year of 2016 (Simmons, 2012). This mall is a one-stop shop with a four leveled glass domed infrastructure along with excellent places to eat and most the special feature or attraction of the entire mall being the installation a flock of Canadian geese, Flight Stop which had been designed by Michael Snow, adds on to the attraction even more (See Appendix 1). Coming on to the plus points of the location, this mall is located in Yonge Street, exactly in between the Dundas, Queen Streets, which is considerably the heart of Torontos downtown. This place is easily accessible by the Dundas or the Queen Subway stops and a 15-minute walk from the Toronto Union Station. The Eaton mall also has easy pathway connectivity to the other attraction in the downtown. The retail mall has connecting facility of availing shuttles or cabs with nearby expensive and prestigious hotels like The Grand Hotel, The Chelsea Hotel and the Hilton Hotel (Ozuduru Guldmann, 2013). So according to me, this place has both a positive and negative impact. The beautiful location along with lots of exclusive stores combined with a bustling foot court and free wifi all around the mall is obviously a positive attraction (Donald, 2013). The expensive parking fee and the pricing of the brands is obviously a negative point, to be highlighted. With excellent connectivity and location, the mall has a blend of both the positive and negative perspectives. The positive impact being the fact that this super mall holds one of the exclusive brands that are not easily accessible along with large and spacious infrastructure and easy connectivity with the other places. The retail mall is one of the significant places that offers a wide range of necessary commodities for the daily life (Chevalier Gutsatz, 2012). This place also has enough space that offers recreational offerings to the visitors such as coffee shops, kids zones and foot courts that people can used for small chit-cha ts and spending some of the quality time (Zaatari et al., 2014). People can buy branded products that are not always available in the other smaller stores comparing to this retail outlet. The ample and ambient space offers the visitors a special environment to roam around and have fun even though there is no serious intention to go for some serious shopping sprees. The free wifi zones in the malls allows the visitors to connect to their social and networking world without any hassles and work in the food court (See appendix 2). Despite such positive influences, the mall also has its own negative impacts on a personal note. The mall is an exclusive one, so considering the fact that even though the retail offers a wide range of exquisite products the pricing is soaring high, which is more likely affordable for the people who are looking for a pocket-friendly deal. The huge space is extremely difficult for visitors to cover and the expensive parking space forbids the customers to come along in their own vehicles. The location is comparatively in a posh area of Toronto so probably few people who have the capacity to afford come down whereas the rest of the people would look for other alternatives. A mere wifi, food court and an ample space is not enough to attract even customers. With consideration to these facts, I can consider that the mall has a mixed influence on the outlook. This aspect of the daily life is to be considered for encouraging the job applicants since I believe that the mall is one of the prestigious places to work for. The mall offers many stores with exclusive and demanding brands to attract visitors, also the vibrant work environment along with the strategic location can be an easy connectivity for the applicants, which is one of the crucial factors that can be taken into consideration. Working for the exclusive brands can offer a presentable outlook towards a better way of earning (Coulter, 2014). The well vibrant and saturated work environment as well as the mall bustling with visitors can offer the applicants a good prospect of manifesting their selling skills. In terms of consideration of the employers they can also compensate by the fact that the applicants who can successfully manifest their marketing skills in the profession can be offered with various reimbursements or rewards to keep them motivated. The applicants can also be motivated for endorsing to this workplace with different kinds of reward system in tangible and non-tangible form (Lepper Greene, 2015). With the help of this memo, I can conclude that Toronto Eaton centre is one of the bustling places in the whole of Canada. Located in the heart of the city and surrounded by a diverse tourist spot along with easy accessibility. The mall is the home of one of the famous brands and considerable heaven for the shopaholics. As per my opinion, this mall has several positive and negative impacts, which includes ample space, easy connectivity, perfect location and top class brands being the positive impacts. The expensive pricing of the brands and the parking fee is one of the negative influences that often leave the customers to retort to only window-shopping. Based on the recommendation, this place is one of the high spree active place with a lot of perspective in terms of sales and marketing. Since this place is often bustling with people, the applicants can use their skills to sell these brands irrespective of their branding and pricing. Along wise, the employers can also reimburse the fact and rewards these applicants with various benefits and rewards based on their working skills.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Free Essays on Indian Status and Band Membership Issues

INDIAN STATUS AND BAND MEMBERSHIP ISSUES INTRODUCTION Historically, entitlement to Indian status and Indian band membership have been complex and controversial issues. The legal definition of the term â€Å"Indian† has brought with it certain benefits and eligibility for federal programs, as well as a history of limitations on rights.(1) Disputes over the definition of Indian status, the authority to determine band membership, and access to rights tied to status and membership have given rise to conflicts between Indian bands and governments, and within Indian communities. In 1985, amendments to the Indian Act (Bill C31)removed a number of discriminatory provisions from the Act. One result has been a significant increase in the size of the status Indian population. The changes also increased band control over membership and other aspects of community life. While eliminating some problems, in the ensuing decade the amendments introduced a number of new political, social and financial issues for Indian communities. In recent years, membership-related disputes, often tied directly to Bill C31, have resulted in a number of significant court cases. A consideration of these issues also raises broader questions about the changing nature of the Indian population in Canada, the rights of individuals and communities, and the power to determine membership under self-government arrangements. This paper examines some of the current issues surrounding Indian band membership. It surveys Indian Act provisions regarding status and band membership and the changes introduced through Bill C31. The paper then discusses some of the consequences of that bill and outlines subsequent court cases that focused on band membership and associated rights. The final section of the paper discusses the implications of the resulting judgments and comments on membership issues in the context of self-government for Indian commun... Free Essays on Indian Status and Band Membership Issues Free Essays on Indian Status and Band Membership Issues INDIAN STATUS AND BAND MEMBERSHIP ISSUES INTRODUCTION Historically, entitlement to Indian status and Indian band membership have been complex and controversial issues. The legal definition of the term â€Å"Indian† has brought with it certain benefits and eligibility for federal programs, as well as a history of limitations on rights.(1) Disputes over the definition of Indian status, the authority to determine band membership, and access to rights tied to status and membership have given rise to conflicts between Indian bands and governments, and within Indian communities. In 1985, amendments to the Indian Act (Bill C31)removed a number of discriminatory provisions from the Act. One result has been a significant increase in the size of the status Indian population. The changes also increased band control over membership and other aspects of community life. While eliminating some problems, in the ensuing decade the amendments introduced a number of new political, social and financial issues for Indian communities. In recent years, membership-related disputes, often tied directly to Bill C31, have resulted in a number of significant court cases. A consideration of these issues also raises broader questions about the changing nature of the Indian population in Canada, the rights of individuals and communities, and the power to determine membership under self-government arrangements. This paper examines some of the current issues surrounding Indian band membership. It surveys Indian Act provisions regarding status and band membership and the changes introduced through Bill C31. The paper then discusses some of the consequences of that bill and outlines subsequent court cases that focused on band membership and associated rights. The final section of the paper discusses the implications of the resulting judgments and comments on membership issues in the context of self-government for Indian commun...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

What is System Security Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

What is System Security - Term Paper Example   The researchers are going to define what a secure system is, components of a secure system as well as the advantages of having a secure system in an organization. That notwithstanding, with the advancement of technology our systems are prone to a number of threats that are out to jeopardize organizational system security. This essay is going to elaborate on a number of threats to system security as well as the mitigation that can be taken to prevent against those threats. Data is a very expensive resource for any organization; thus, elaborate measures must be put in place to ensure it is safeguarded at all times against unauthorized intrusion by third parties. System security is not limited to security mechanisms being employed on computers and its related peripherals but is a broad field that also includes encryption of data and also training of the personnel handling data on security measures. This makes system security a primary goal for any organization as elaborate security measures will ensure that the data resources of an organization are secured and can only be used to the advantage of that particular organization. System security is a broad field that includes almost every facet of computer security and cryptography. System security can be defined as the mechanisms and techniques that are implemented to ensure organizational data and information maintains confidentiality, integrity at the same time is always available whenever it’s needed.